Does Menstruation Affect Women’s Bone Density, Health? The doctor answers | Health
Bones are the building blocks of the human body, just as women are the building blocks of any family, and many factors affect a person’s bone strength, such as vitamin D, calcium, hormones, exercise, etc Since women have the unique ability to bear children from the onset of their menarche through menopause, estrogen, the happiness hormone, changes the female body and one of these changes is to protect and maintain bone strength.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Pramod Bhor, HOD-Orthopedic Surgery at Fortis Hiranandani Hospital in Vashi, explained, “Osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes are the three main cells that form bone. Osteoblasts are cells that contribute to bone growth. At the same time, osteoclasts are the cells that resorb bone. These two cells play an important role in healing and bone remodeling. The critical factor in bone remodeling is estrogen, a female hormone. It acts mainly on osteoclasts, responsible for bone resorption. In addition, it helps prevent bone resorption and increases the activity of osteoblasts, which promotes bone growth.
He explained, “In women, the process of osteoblasts and osteoclasts begins when estrogen levels begin to rise and when the woman reaches the menarche phase, which is the start of her menstrual cycle. The protection lasts until she reaches the age of menopause which is the cessation of the menstrual cycle. It remains at its peak when women are in the childbearing phase between the ages of 20 and 30. However, the protection is better until it lasts. Yet once estrogen levels begin to drop, osteoclasts take the resorption of bone work very seriously, leading to a rapid degeneration of bone health and strength.
Highlighting that low estrogen levels can trigger early osteoporosis, leading to increased bone resorption and decreased bone density, Dr Pramod Bhor said: “It also affects the future healing ability and good health of bone. Also, bone density and level of osteoporosis are measured by serum vitamin D3 and calcium levels from a bone scan. A regular supply of calcium can prevent the possibility of an osteoporotic fracture and bone pain in the future. In addition to regular exercise to stretch and strengthen bones and muscles, a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D3 can help prevent low bone density. A happy bone also makes a woman happy.
He suggested: “Regular follow-ups can easily prevent osteoporosis with bone specialists, which is why every woman should see a specialist whenever symptoms appear. If they have no symptoms, it is recommended that they see an orthopedic surgeon annually so that early signs and symptoms related to bone issues are diagnosed at the right time.